|Geographical area of Assam as per 2011 Census||78438 sq. kms|
|Number of Villages||26395|
|Total Number of Towns||214|
|Rural Population||26807034 (85.90%)|
|Percentage of Rural BPL Population||39.9%|
To eradicate poverty and to create infrastructures that accelerates socio-economic growth in Rural Assam Strategy
Through convergence with line departments and actively involving PRIs and people at large in planning, implementation and monitoring of programs Action Plan
Apart from various Central and State Government programs, scheme of Smart Gaon Panchayat has been taken up. It proposes to develop each Gaon Panchayat into a vibrant institute of service delivery and fulcrum of all developmental works.
|Number of Zilla Parishad||21|
|Number of Anchalik Panchayat||185|
|Number of Gaon Panchayats||2202|
|Number of Six Scheduled Districts||6|
|Number of Development Blocks||219|
The Panchayat & Rural Development Department largely works to enhance livelihood oppourtinities, address chronic poverty, provides social security and works for economic inclusion of rural poor families. The Panchayat & Rural Development Department has been implementiong a number of programmes in the rural area of the State by empowering rural poor through power of rights based law, aiming to transform the geography of poverty in the State. The main objective of various poverty alleviation and employment generation programme are as follows:
Rural Development Programmes are being implemented through the Panchayat & Rural Development Department at State level and by the Zilla Parishad at the District level. At present there are 21 Zilla Parishads, 185 Anchalik Panchayats and 2202 Gaon Panchayats in Assam. The activities of Panchayat & Rural Development Department are implemented through Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). There is no PRI system in the Sixth Scheduled districts. The Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF) Scheme in the Sixth Scheduled districts is implemented through District Rural Development Agency. Some of the schemes of District Development Plan (DDP) are implemented through both Rural and Urban local bodies.
The Department is implementing mainly MGNREGA, IAY, NSAP, RGPSA, BRGF, DDP schemes through PRIs. Under the Rural Development sector, some programmws/schemes has been introduced which are of the following nature:-
In order to ensure transparency and accountibility in implementation of the schemes, intensive monitoring system has been introduced through online reporting system. The Panchayati Raj Institutions Accounting Software (PRIASoft) has been adopted for sound accounting and audit system of the Panchayats at all level.
The Panchayat and Community Development was created by the Government of Assam in the year 1952 with the motto for upliftment of the rural people of the State of Assam. Originally 3 Nos. of Community Development Projects and 135 Nos. of Development Blocks were created in Assam. Now the Development Blocks have been increased up to 219 for implementation of various development programmes and schemes for proper upliftment of rural people.
The erstwhile Panchayat & Community Development Department and the Rural Development Department have been amalgamated into one Department in the name and style as Panchayat & Rural Development since 1st July 1989.
The Department has taken the responsibility of enhancing rural livelihoods through a variety of programmes and projects. The emphasis is on building up of local resources through increasing the capability of the rural poor through self-employment programmes and through building up of critical infrastructure in the rural areas of Assam.
The Panchayat and Rural Development Department is actively taking new innovative projects for building community assets, strengthening the existing occupational strategies of the poor farmers and cultivators and to provide wage employment to the needy from amongst the poorest section of the rural society.
Assam has a very strong historical background of local self government. The villages in Assam had a strong Panchayat in different names or forms since long past. Assam was one of the pioneer States in India to enact Panchayat Act and establish Panchayati Raj in the State when the Assam Rural Panchayat Act, 1948 was passed. This Act was amended and replaced by the Assam Panchayat Act, 1959, the Assam Panchayati Raj Act, 1972, the Assam Panchayati Raj Act, 1986 and finally the Assam Panchayat Act, 1994 which incorporated the provisions of the 73rd Amendment Act, 1992 of the Constitution of India. The Assam Panchayat Act,1994 received the assent of the Governor on the 22nd April 1994 and elections were held in October 1996, for establishing a three-tier Panchayati Raj system in the State at the village, intermediate and district level.